The rapid development of technology continues to make the education system in Indonesia better and more advanced to follow other countries. The education system continues to experience developments from those that only use conventional methods to switch to an all-digital model. Initially, the teaching and learning process only occurred in the classroom, but now the teaching and learning process is not bound by space and time.
The current digital education system produces a learning method that is Blended Learning and E-Learning. The E-Learning and Blended Learning Method have been popular with Indonesian students.
E-Learning or Electronic Learning Method is away in the teaching and learning process that uses electronic media and uses the internet as an intermediary in the teaching and learning process. At the same time, Blended Learning is away in the teaching and learning process that combines, combines, and combines conventional education systems with all-digital systems.
E-Learning and Blended Learning have in common because they use computers and the internet as intermediaries. But E-Learning and Blended Learning are different learning methods. Whereby using the E-Learning method, there is no reciprocal relationship in the teaching and learning process. While using the Blended Learning method, there is direct interaction in the form of direct discussion in the teaching and learning process.
Before the Blended Learning method, there was already a very familiar method, E-Learning. But in its implementation, it turns out E-Learning alone is not enough because there are still various obstacles. With E-Learning, there is no interaction in the learning process. The teaching and learning process certainly requires a system that can carry out the process in two directions. Feedback is certainly needed so that learning outcomes are better and perfect. Although a lot of material is obtained by using E-Learning, the learning process can be done anywhere and at any time, but it is still less effective and efficient.
Blended Learning was developed to perfect the E-Learning method. E-Learning and Blended Learning can be a solution to overcome the problem of education in Indonesia in terms of educational smoothing in Indonesia. The E-Learning Method is being implemented in the education system in Indonesia and will transform into Blended Learning.
With the existence of Blended Learning, Learning can be done anywhere and anytime using the internet. Students can access material freely and are required to be able to study independently because teaching materials are stored online. Instructors and instructors can provide feedback both in the form of questions and suggestions in realtime. So that discussions and questions and answers between lecturers and students not only take place in class hours but can also take place outside class hours. Lecturers can also control student learning, students can also explore the material to be delivered, and the process of providing supporting tasks can be informed more easily. Of course, the teaching and learning process becomes more efficient and more effective because communication and interaction between lecturers and students can continue to occur not only during class time.
With a Blended Learning program, the lecture schedule will be flexible so students can balance academic and non-academic activities. Blended Learning can also reduce education costs and improve learning outcomes. So the learning process does not only take place in the classroom but also utilizes the virtual world. So Blended Learning can be applied to tertiary institutions providing distance education and open education. It also can be used in non-formal education places such as courses because Blended Learning does not replace the conventional teaching and learning process but complements the conventional system.